Burns are a common injury to children. Each year thousands of children are treated in the hospital for burns. Most burns can be prevented by learning how to escape a fire and by removing fire hazards from the home.
How to Escape a Fire in Your Home
If a fire starts in your home, get out quickly and call the Fire Department or 9-1-1 from a neighbor's house. Here are some other important points to remember:
- If clothing catches fire, STOP, DROP AND ROLL (Picture 1). Do not run!
- Wrap a rug, blanket or coat around you if one is easy to reach. Cover your face with your hands.
- Roll slowly on the floor or ground until the fire is out.
If Smoke Is Coming Under the Door
- Do not open the door.
- Escape through another door or a window.
How to Escape a Smoky Place
- Cover your face with a cloth and breathe through your nose.
- Crawl, do not walk. Keep low to the floor to escape heat and smoke.
Test Doors before Opening Them
- If you think there is a fire on the other side of the door, do not open it.
- Feel the door. If it is hot, look for another way to escape.
- Keep your head turned away from the door opening.
- Slowly open the door a crack. After pressure is released, get down on your hands and knees and crawl cautiously to safety.
- Do not jump out of windows if you are higher than the second floor. Jump only as a last resort onto a safe area, such as grass or bushes and not onto a fence. Jump "feet first."
- Smoke detectors save lives! Use them on each floor of your home. Change the batteries twice a year (when you change your clocks for daylight savings time).
- Practice an escape plan so you can make sure everyone is out. Make sure each family member knows the “meeting place” outside your house (like a certain tree, a fence, etc.)
HH-IV-60 6/82, Revised 5/10 Copyright 1982-2010, Nationwide Children’s Hospital