General Eye Care and Safety for Children

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All children should have their eyes examined by an eye doctor by the age of 4.  However, if your child has any signs of vision problems, they should see a doctor right away. If it is not taken care of early, it can result in lifelong vision problems.

Signs of Vision Problems 

In Babies:

  • Eyes shake or vibrate
  • Stares at lights
  • Eyes cross, turn out, or drift. Does not stop by 3 months of age.
  • Does not look at bright toys or faces by 3 months of age
  • Abnormal or uneven, red/orange color pupils

In Children:

  • Shut or cover eye(s)
  • Eyes that burn or itch
  • Squint, blink, and rub the eye(s) often
  • Headaches or tiredness after doing up close work
  • Tilt their head up, down, or to the side when looking at objects
  • Get styes (small, painful pimples on the eyelids) often
  • Excessive redness or water of the eye(s)
  • Cloudiness on the front of the eye or inside the eye
  • Often has red eyes without a known cause
  • Eyelids are stuck together when your child wakes up or there is crust in the eyelids or eyelashes

Eye Safety Tips

  • Avoid sharp, broken toys and objects
  • Wear sport goggles and sunglasses
  • Do not play around lawn mowing and fireworks
  • Avoid BB, pellet, NERF®, and dart guns
  • Keep chemicals, sprays, and laundry/dishwashing pods locked up and out of reach 

General Eye Care and Safety for Children (PDF), Arabic (PDF), Nepali (PDF), Somali (PDF), Spanish (PDF)

HH-IV-62 12/82, Revised 3/22 Copyright 1982 Nationwide Children’s Hospital