There are an estimated 800 million farmers in the People's Republic of China, and little research has been done on injuries in this population. The rural setting, the large number of hazards and the deficiencies in emergency care in remote areas provide an opportunity to improve the health and safety of this important group of workers and their families.
The overall goal of this project is to increase training and research related to agricultural injuries in China. In order to achieve this goal, short-term training of Chinese scholars interested in agricultural injury research is being conducted in both the United States and in agricultural regions of China in collaboration with the Injury Control Research Center at the Tongji School of Public Health, Wuhan, China, the Colorado Injury Control Research Center (CICRC) at Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado and the Center for Injury Research and Policy of The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio.
The long term goal of this project is to develop the expertise of Chinese scholars to address agricultural injury prevention and to develop more active research collaboration on agricultural injuries between Chinese and U.S. investigators. The specific aims of the training project are being achieved using a mixture of training mechanisms designed for scientists who represent diverse academic disciplines. The training mechanisms include five-day training seminars in China, web-based distance learning and onsite learning at U.S. research institutions.
Scientists from a variety of disciplines, including epidemiologists, behavioral scientists, physicians, nurses and local/state public health professionals are recruited through a candidate screening system.
The first five-day training session was held October 15-19, 2007, in Wuhan, China. A total of 32 mid-career and senior scientists attended.
The first Chinese scholar receiving training in the U.S. arrived in Colorado in April 2008. The second Chinese scholar arrived in May 2008. Both spent six months in Colorado working with the CICRC.
The two following grants were awarded in 2008 for agricultural research to be conducted in China:
- Cross-Sectional Survey of Agricultural Injury of Farmers in Shouguang Vegetable Base, Shandong Province, China. Principal Investigator: Professor Cuizhen Wu, Department of Preventive Medicine, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
- The Study of the Association Between Alcohol and Agricultural Injury in Rural Residents of Daur Nationality Habitation. Principal Investigator: Professor Limin Wang, Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Qiqihar Medical University.
The USA-China Agricultural Injury Research Training Project will substantially enhance the expertise of scientists and public health professionals in China in agricultural injury-related research, increase trainee capacity to address legal, ethical and social issues of injury research, strengthen the existing agricultural injury-related research and prevention efforts in China and create a communications network for injury researchers in China to interact with scientists around the world.