Car crashes are the leading cause of death for teens 14 and older. Researchers at the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children’s have done extensive research on teen driving, including graduated driver licensing (GDL) laws:
- Uncovering the mechanisms of how GDL reduces traffic crashes and examining the broader impact of GDL in both drivers and non-drivers:
- GDL is more effective for 16-year-old drivers than 17-year-old drivers
- No substantial increases in crashes were observed with 18-year-old drivers
- GDL laws are associated with reductions in fatal crash rate per person-year among 16-year-old drivers; half of this reduction can be attributed to fewer crashes per miles driven and half can be attributed to less driving
- GDL laws are associated with about a 20% reduction in driver fatalities and an 11% reduction in total fatalities among 16-year-old teens
- In traffic injuries, GDL laws are associated with a 7% reduction in passenger injuries and a 13% reduction in driver injuries among 16-year-old teens
- Evaluating the effects of Ohio’s 2007 revised GDL law on motor vehicle crashes and crash-related injuries for crashes involving teen drivers ages 16 to 20 years, with a focus on the effects on crashes involving drivers ages 18 to 20 years:
- Compared with the pre-GDL period, the post-GDL period was associated with lower crash rates for drivers age 16 years, age 17 years, age 18 years, and ages 16-17 years combined
- Crash rate was higher for the post-GDL period for drivers age 19 years, age 20 years, and ages 18-20 years combined
- Unlike previous studies, this investigation used linked data to evaluate the outcomes of all occupants in crashes involving drivers ages 16-20 years. The post-GDL period was associated with lower crash, injury crash, and fatal crash involvement among drivers and occupants ages 16-17 years but higher overall crash involvement for drivers and occupants ages 19 years, 20 years, and 18-20 years combined.
- These findings support extending GDL restrictions to novice drivers ages 18 through 20 years to reduce crashes in that group.
Findings from other CIRP research related to teen driving include:
- Connecting motor vehicle occupant restraint use with effects on traffic outcomes
- Ongoing analysis of police accident reports (injuries), Fatality Analysis Reporting System (deaths) and Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System (CODES) databases (emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and financial charges) according to safety belt use among backseat passengers.
- Uses a national survey to examine self-reported motor vehicle occupant safety behaviors
- Steering Teens Safe program
- Steering Teens Safe (STS) is an evidence-based program developed and tested by the Center for Injury Research and Policy research team which targets parents’ effective engagement in motivating their teen to make safe driving decisions
For information specific to distracted driving (like texting and driving), please see CIRP’s page on distracted driving.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has extensive videos, comprehensive information, and recommendations related to teen driving, including distracted driving, drinking and drug use, drowsy driving, seatbelts, and parental influence.
Teen Driving Resources
- Press Release: Laws Banning Handheld Cellphone Calls More Effective than Texting Bans for Teen Drivers - February 2018
- PubMed Abstract: An Evaluation of the Effect of Ohio's Graduated Driver Licensing Law on Motor Vehicle Crashes and Crash Outcomes Involving Drivers 16 to 20 Years of Age - May 2017
- PubMed Abstract: Brief Report: The Association of Graduated Driver Licensing with Nondriver Transport-related Injuries among Adolescents - September 2016
- PubMed Abstract: Association of Graduated Driver Licensing with Driver, Non-Driver, and Total Fatalities among Adolescents - July 2016
- PubMed Abstract: The Association Between Graduated Driver Licensing Laws and Travel Behaviors among Adolescents: An Analysis of US National Household Travel Surveys - July 2016