Resources for Patients and Families

Establishing with a Gynecologist

image of a doctor talking to a young woman

Transitional Care in Gynecology: When Should Your Child Switch to an Adult Provider?

A woman’s first visit to an adult GYN practice is a great opportunity for her to take further ownership of her gynecologic health as she transitions to another stage in her life. An adult GYN provider treats women’s breast and pelvic health issues and associated surgical needs, hormonal issues, pregnancy and postnatal care.

Nationwide Children's Hospital Patient Photo

Not Your Mother's Gynecologist: Why Adolescent Girls Should See Their Own Specialists

Although adult gynecologists treat conditions in older women, differences in the anatomy of children make the advanced training of a pediatric and adolescent gynecologist valuable.

Medical assessment between provider and patient.

Gynecologic Assessment in CCPR

The gynecologic assessment with our Center for Colorectal and Pelvic Reconstruction (CCPR) team begins with a review of all medical records available to us at the time of intake.

HPV Vaccine Information

The Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine: Safe and Effective!

The HPV vaccine protects against the viruses that cause cervical cancers and genital warts, as well as some types of anal, mouth and throat cancers. With the HPV vaccine, this generation can substantially reduce their risk of these cancers, some of which are deadly.

Menstrual Cycle Resources

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Period Products: What Teens Need to Know

Managing menstrual flow can be challenging for teens. Thankfully, there are several period products to choose from. Understanding the available options will help you choose the product (or products) that are best for your body and lifestyle.

Teenage girl holding her stomach, bent over on her bed

Period Problems: 4 Common Menstrual Issues for Young Women

A girl’s period can add a new challenge to the already-difficult teenage years. Some of these issues can be typical, but others may need to be evaluated by a healthcare professional.

Two girls sitting on a couch. One girl consoling the other.

PMS: Learn the Facts About Premenstrual Syndrome

Most women of reproductive age experience mild behavioral or physical symptoms a few days before their period. These combined symptoms are considered premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Adolescent girl leaning against a brick wall smiling

Menstruation in Adolescents: The Importance of Using Menses as a Vital Sign

Adolescence is a time of many new things – including puberty changes and the onset of menstruation. A first period can be an exciting experience, but one that may cause some anxiety for young women and their caregivers.

image of a girl in a wheelchair petting a dog

Menstrual Manipulation for Patients With Disabilities

Adolescence can be a period of turbulence and transition for both teens and their parents or caregivers. Teens with disabilities—physical, intellectual, or both—also encounter the challenges of adolescence, particularly when it comes to pubertal development, menstruation and sexuality.

Heavy Menstrual Bleeding: What Girls (and Parents) Need to Know

Heavy menstrual bleeding is a common problem during adolescence. Heavy menstrual bleeding can negatively impact quality of life, school attendance, and participation in after-school sports and activities.

Ovarian Cysts/ Masses

Teenager girl looking in the mirror touching her face

Irregular Periods, Acne and Facial Hair: Is it Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome – or “PCOS” – is a hormonal imbalance that happens in some girls and women. In PCOS, testosterone, a type of hormone, is higher than normal.

young lady looking at the cieling

Primary Ovarian Insufficiency: Teenagers in Menopause

Primary ovarian insufficiency means that the ovaries have stopped working at a younger age than typical. It used to be called premature ovarian failure and is often called premature menopause. In POI, the ovaries stop producing hormones and eggs, resulting in hormone deficiency and infertility.

Teenage girl hugging a teddy bear

Ovarian Torsion: What Parents Need to Know

Ovarian torsion needs to be considered in any girl or young women who complains of sudden onset abdominal pain, particularly when the pain comes with nausea and/or vomiting.

Ovary Preservation: A Practice in Preserving Your Future

On each side of a female’s uterus are two ovaries. Though small in size, they play an important role. Ovaries are where eggs develop and mature and where female hormones are made.

Pelvic Pain

image of girl lying on a couch holding her stomach

It's Just Cramps - or Is It?

The majority of young girls have experienced menstrual cramps. Unfortunately, some girls also experience additional symptoms such as pain down the legs, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, headaches, worsening migraines and passing out. What happens when medications don’t work? When young girls continue to have pain despite these first-line therapies, it is important to consider that the pain may be more than just cramps.

Teenage girl laying in bed with stomach cramps.

Not Your Typical Menstrual Pain: Endometriosis in Teens and Adolescents

Endometriosis is a condition in which the menstrual tissue is found outside the uterus, within the pelvis. Girls who have a mother, sister or aunt with endometriosis have an almost 10 times increased chance of developing it.

Kids and Pain: Treatment and Care After Surgery

After a surgical procedure, a person is often told to take a pill every few hours to feel better. According to guidelines from the American Pain Society, there are better options than just a pill for postoperative pain management.

Vulvar and Vaginal Concerns

Little girl in polka dot dress sits alone in on a dock.

Vaginal Inflammation and Irritation: Treating Vulvovaginitis

Vulvovaginitis, or inflammation and irritation of the genital area, may occur in females of any age – including newborns, toddlers, and children, but it most commonly occurs in girls who have not yet started puberty.

Labial Adhesions: The Gynecological Problem You Haven’t Heard About

When the inner lips (labia minora) of the vagina become stuck together, it is called a labial adhesion. This is typically seen in girls between the ages of 3 months and 6 years old.

When Your Daughter Wants Plastic Surgery: What Parents Need to Know About Labial Hypertrophy

Before you or your daughter decide on an elective surgery to fix a problem that most likely doesn’t need fixing, I hope you’ll consider the following.

Sexual and Reproductive Health

Mom and Daughter Talking Outside

Tips for Talking With Your Parents

When the time is right to talk to your parents about birth control, there are a few small things you can do to help the conversation go smoothly.

Teen Girl Checking Her Cell Phone Outdoors

Birth Control Myths

When it comes to birth control, there are a lot of myths out there. And those myths might leave you with a lot of questions. Get the facts.

Two Teens Smiling Outdoors

Which Birth Control is Right For Me?

The implant. IUDs. The shot. Learn more about available birth control methods.

Teenager sitting on a park bench with her mom

What Types of Birth Control Are 99% Effective?

Parents are probably familiar with the birth control pill, but there are other options of birth control available for your teen that don’t have to be taken every day.

What You and Your Teen Need to Know About Male Birth Control

Today our teens have access to a wide variety of information, both real and false, right in the palm of their hands. Despite what some of our kids have heard on social media, there is no FDA-approved male birth control option.

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually Transmitted Infections: What You Need to Know

Sexually transmitted infections are infections that are spread from person to person through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex, or other skin to skin contact. They can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and parasites.

Teens and Pregnancy: 10 Things They Don’t Tell Your Teen in Sex Ed

Some parents may find it awkward or difficult to talk to their kids about sex. Here are a few things they may not have learned in health class.


PediaCast 331: Talking To Children and Teens About Sex

Dr. Elise Berlan and Dr. Wendy Anderson-Willis join Dr. Mike in the PediaCast Studio for a discussion on talking with kids and teens about sex.

Helping Hands

Birth Control: Contraceptive Patch

Learn about the birth control option for women, the contraceptive patch.

Birth Control: Depo Provera®

Learn about the birth control option for women, Depo-Provera.

Birth Control: Emergency Contraception

Emergency Contraception (EC) is birth control that keeps you from getting pregnant after unprotected or inadequately protected sex. It comes in two forms: an intrauterine device (IUD) or a pill.

Birth Control (Contraceptive) Options

Birth control is safe, easy to use, and has few side effects. Finding the right method for you can help you prevent pregnancy until you want to become pregnant.

Birth Control Pills

Combination oral contraceptive pills are a form of daily birth control that has the hormones estrogen and progestin.

Birth Control: Vaginal Ring

The vaginal ring is a birth control you place in your vagina.


Condoms should be used while having sex. They help prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and reduce the risk of pregnancy.

Genital Warts (HPV Infection)

Genital warts are skin-colored, cauliflower-like, painless growths. They are caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Genital warts are usually spread by sexual contact. During pregnancy or delivery, the HPV virus can be passed on to the baby from an infected mother.

Low Maintenance Contraceptives

Low maintenance contraceptives, also called Long Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC,) are the most effective reversible methods of birth control available to reduce unplanned teen pregnancy.