About 9 million children in the United States have asthma, according to the National Institutes of Health. The implementation of new federal guidelines regarding the diagnosis, treatment and management of asthma has improved diagnostic sensitivity, leading to greater accuracy in diagnosis.
Treating patients with asthma involves not only initial diagnosis and treatment to achieve asthma control, but also long-term, regular follow-up care to maintain control. Asthma control focuses on reducing the frequency and intensity of symptoms and reducing the likelihood of future asthma attacks. Achieving and maintaining asthma control requires providing appropriate medication, addressing environmental factors that cause worsening symptoms, helping patients learn self-management skills and monitoring over the long term to assess control and adjust therapy accordingly.