Conditions We Treat

When Your Toddler or Preschooler Needs a Test, Procedure, or Surgery

Helpful tips on how to prepare your toddler or preschooler child for a surgery, test, or procedure.

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White Cell Disorders

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Whooping Cough (Pertussis) in Children

Whooping cough (pertussis) is a contagious illness. It causes intense fits (paroxysms) of coughing. It mainly affects babies and young children.

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Why Children Bite

A young child may bite out of frustration or when under stress. Biting may also be an attempt to gain power, or just a way of exploring the world. Read on to learn how to respond if your child bites, no matter what the cause.

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Why Parents Shouldn’t Use Food as Reward or Punishment

Giving sweets, chips, or soda as a reward often leads to children’s overeating foods that are high in sugar, fat, and empty calories. Worse, it interferes with kids’ natural ability to regulate their eating, and it encourages them to eat when they’re not hungry to reward themselves.

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Wilms Tumor

Wilms tumor is a cancerous tumor that starts in the cells of the kidney. It’s the most common type of kidney cancer in children.

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Wilms' Tumor

The kidneys are organs that filter waste products from the blood and create urine. Wilms' tumor (nephroblastoma) is a cancerous tumor of the kidney. It is thought to be caused by abnormal genes. The tumor may occur at any age, but it is most common in children 1 to 5 years of age.

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Workouts to Help Prevent Sports Injuries

It may not always be possible to avoid injury when playing sports, especially physical contact sports. But there are things kids can do to protect themselves. Preparing before and after a game or practice session by warming up muscles and then stretching can help.

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Wrist and Hand Sprains

A sprain of the wrist and hand is a stretching or tearing of the ligaments which connect the bones together and provide stability. A wrist/hand sprain may occur from a direct blow to the area, falling on an outstretched hand, or an abrupt twist or hyperextension.

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X-Linked Agammaglobulinemia in Children

X-linked agammaglobulinemia is a rare genetic disease that causes a weakened immune system. It mainly affects boys.

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X-linked Dominant: Incontinentia Pigmenti

Detailed information on x-linked dominant inheritance

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X-linked Recessive: Red-Green Color Blindness, Hemophilia A

Detailed information on x-linked recessive inheritance

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Helping Hands Patient Education Materials

Written and illustrated by medical, nursing and allied health professionals at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Helping Hand instructions are intended as a supplement to verbal instructions provided by a medical professional. The information is periodically reviewed and revised to reflect our current practice. However, Nationwide Children's Hospital is not responsible for any consequences resulting from the use or misuse of the information in the Helping Hands.