Conditions We Treat

Browse Conditions A-Z

Vaginal Anomalies

Vaginal anomalies are disorders that involve abnormally formed or absent vaginas. These include: vaginal agenesis, imperforate hymen, septate hymen, transverse vaginal septum and transverse vaginal septum. These occur in about 5% of females with an anorectal malformation/imperforate anus.

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Vaginal Atresia

Vaginal atresia is a birth defect in which the vagina is closed or absent.

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Vaginal Discharge

It is normal for women to have some vaginal discharge. Normal vaginal discharge is thin like mucus and clear, white or slightly yellow. It usually has no unpleasant odor and is not itchy or irritating.

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Varicocele

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Varicoceles

A varicocele is a mass of swollen blood vessels in the spermatic cord – the structure in the scrotum that connects the testicles to the body. 

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Varicoceles in Children

A varicocele is when veins in the scrotum have become large and swollen (dilated). The condition is like varicose veins that occur in the legs. Here's what you need to know.

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Vascular Malformations

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Vascular Malformations and Hemangiomas

The term “birthmark” may be a misnomer. These usually harmless skin discolorations can appear any time in the first few months after birth. They’re generally nothing to worry about. But, in some cases, they may need treatment. Here are the most common birthmarks and what to do if they show up on your child.

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Velocardiofacial Syndrome

Velocardiofacial Syndrome is also known as 22q11.2 deletion syndrome.

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Velopharyngeal Dysfunction (VPD)

Velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD) is the inadequate separation of the oral and nasal cavities during speech and/or swallowing. At Nationwide Children’s Hospital, our experts in the Velopharyngeal Dysfunction Program provide specialized treatment for patients with speech disorders resulting from VPD.

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Ventricular Septal Defect

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Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart defect. This means that your baby is born with it. A VSD is an opening or hole in the dividing wall (septum) between the 2 lower chambers of the heart (right and left ventricles). VSDs are the most common type of congenital heart defect.

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Vertigo

Vertigo is the medical word for the feeling of spinning. Your child may feel like the world is moving, but there is no movement. These feelings come and go.

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Very Low Birth Weight

Very low birth weight is a term used to describe babies who are born weighing less than 3 pounds, 4 ounces. It is very rare that babies are born this tiny. Only about 1 in 100 babies born in the U.S. are very low birth weight.
 

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Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR)

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is the abnormal backward flow of urine from the bladder to the kidneys. This backwards flow increases the child’s risk of urinary tract and kidney infections. 

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Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR) in Children

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a condition where urine in the bladder flows in the wrong direction. It goes up into the tubes (ureters) that lead to the kidneys.

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Viral Skin Infections

Detailed information on viral skin infections, including Herpes Zoster (Shingles), Pityriasis Rosea, Warts, and Molluscum Contagiosum

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Viruses, Bacteria, and Parasites in the Digestive Tract

Detailed information on viruses, bacteria, and parasites in the digestive tract.

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Vision

Detailed information on children with vision problems

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Vision and Hearing

Detailed information on vision and hearing in newborns

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Vision Problems

Eye disorders in children are either refractive or nonrefractive errors. Refractive errors are caused by the shape of the eye. Nonrefractive errors are caused by disease.

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Visual Screening and Eye Examinations

Detailed information on visual screening tests in children

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Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding in the Newborn

Vitamin K deficiency bleeding is a problem that occurs in some newborns. It happens during the first few days of life. This condition used to be called hemorrhagic disease of the newborn.

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Vocal Fold Nodules

Vocal fold or vocal cord nodules are small, non-cancerous growths on your child’s vocal cords. They are often caused by voice abuse. Over time, your child’s repeated misuse of the vocal folds results in soft, swollen spots on each vocal fold.

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Voiding Dysfunction

If a child over the age of 4 has difficulties holding their urine (urinary incontinence) and physicians are unable to identify an anatomical or neurological cause, they may diagnose the child with voiding dysfunction.

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Volar Plate Injuries

The volar plate is a thick ligament that connects two bones in the finger. A volar plate injury is commonly called a jammed finger or sprain. This happens when the finger is bent backward too far (hyperextended). These injuries can also lead to a fracture (break) called an avulsion fracture.

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Vomiting

Care for your child if they are vomiting with this Helping Hand.

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Von Willebrand Disease

Von Willebrand Disease is caused by low amounts or structural abnormalities in a protein called Von Willebrand Factor. This results in prolonged clotting and easy bleeding and bruising.

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Von Willebrand Disease (VWD)

Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is an inherited disorder that affects the blood's ability to clot.

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Vulva Abnormalities

To diagnose vulvar disorders and diseases, a doctor will take a complete medical history to find out about symptoms and how long they have been happening. 
 

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Helping Hands Patient Education Materials

Written and illustrated by medical, nursing and allied health professionals at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Helping Hand instructions are intended as a supplement to verbal instructions provided by a medical professional. The information is periodically reviewed and revised to reflect our current practice. However, Nationwide Children's Hospital is not responsible for any consequences resulting from the use or misuse of the information in the Helping Hands.