Conditions We Treat

Browse Conditions A-Z

Renal Failure

Detailed information on renal failure, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and diet

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Renal Failure in Children

Renal failure refers to temporary or permanent damage to the kidneys that results in loss of normal kidney function. There are two different types of renal failure—acute and chronic.

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Respiratory Disorders in the Newborn

Detailed information on respiratory disorders in high-risk newborns

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Respiratory Distress

Respiratory distress describes symptoms related to breathing problems. There can be many causes of respiratory distress in children. Usually, it is caused by infections, chronic illness or a blocked airway. Call 911 or take your child to the nearest emergency room if you think they are in danger.

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Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) in Premature Babies

Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a common problem in premature babies. It causes babies to need extra oxygen and help with breathing.

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Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Newborn

Respiratory distress syndrome, also known as RDS, is caused by not having enough surfactant in the lungs. It is the most common lung disease in premature infants and it occurs because the baby’s lungs are not fully developed. Babies with RDS need extra oxygen and surfactant as well as medicine.

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Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is most common from fall to spring. Symptoms of RSV include sneezing, stuffy or runny nose, sore throat and fever. For healthy babies, it is like getting a cold and can be treated at home. In some infants, RSV can be very serious and may require a hospital stay.

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Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) in Children

RSV is a viral illness that causes symptoms such as trouble breathing. It’s the most common cause of inflammation of the small airways in the lungs (bronchiolitis) and pneumonia in babies.

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Restless Leg Disorders in Kids with ADHD

Research suggests children with ADHD are more likely to have sleep disorders. These include insomnia, daytime sleepiness, and restless leg disorders.

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Retinoblastoma is a cancer of the retina. This type of cancer is usually found in children younger than 3 years of age.

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Retinoblastoma in Children

Retinoblastoma is a rare cancer of the retina of the eye. The retina is in the back of the eye. It’s the part of the eye that receives light. Retinoblastoma is the most common tumor affecting the eye in children. It almost always occurs in children less than 5 years old.

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Retinopathy of Prematurity

Retinopathy of prematurity is an eye problem that happens to premature babies. The retina lines the back of the eye. It receives light as it comes through the pupil. From there, the optic nerve sends signals to the brain. Retinopathy of prematurity is a problem of the blood vessels of the retina.

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Helping Hands Patient Education Materials

Written and illustrated by medical, nursing and allied health professionals at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Helping Hand instructions are intended as a supplement to verbal instructions provided by a medical professional. The information is periodically reviewed and revised to reflect our current practice. However, Nationwide Children's Hospital is not responsible for any consequences resulting from the use or misuse of the information in the Helping Hands.