Conditions We Treat

Varicoceles

A varicocele is a mass of swollen blood vessels in the spermatic cord – the structure in the scrotum that connects the testicles to the body. 

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Vascular Malformations and Hemangiomas

The term “birthmark” may be a misnomer. These usually harmless skin discolorations can appear any time in the first few months after birth. They’re generally nothing to worry about. But, in some cases, they may need treatment. Here are the most common birthmarks and what to do if they show up on your child.

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Velocardiofacial Syndrome

Velocardiofacial Syndrome is also known as 22q11.2 deletion syndrome.

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Velopharyngeal Dysfunction (VPD)

Velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD) is the inadequate separation of the oral and nasal cavities during speech and/or swallowing. At Nationwide Children’s Hospital, our experts in the Velopharyngeal Dysfunction Program provide specialized treatment for patients with speech disorders resulting from VPD.

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Velopharyngeal Dysfunction (VPD)

Velopharyngeal dysfunction, or VPD, occurs when the soft palate cannot separate the back of the mouth from the nose during speech, swallowing, or both. VPD can be caused by structural differences in the soft palate and pharynx, or muscular causes.

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Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart defect. This means that your baby is born with it. A VSD is an opening or hole in the dividing wall (septum) between the 2 lower chambers of the heart (right and left ventricles). VSDs are the most common type of congenital heart defect.

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Ventriculomegaly

Ventriculomegaly is a condition in which the brain ventricles are enlarged due to build-up of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), a fluid that protects the brain and spinal cord. The severity of ventriculomegaly depends on how enlarged the brain is. In some cases, fluid keeps building up, causing hydrocephalus.

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Vertebral Compression Fracture

A vertebral compression fracture happens when the backbone (vertebra) breaks by being squeezed.

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Vertigo

Vertigo is the medical word for the feeling of spinning. Your child may feel like the world is moving, but there is no movement. These feelings come and go.

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Very Low Birth Weight

Very low birth weight is a term used to describe babies who are born weighing less than 3 pounds, 4 ounces. It is very rare that babies are born this tiny. Only about 1 in 100 babies born in the U.S. are very low birth weight.

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Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR)

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is the abnormal backward flow of urine from the bladder to the kidneys. This backwards flow increases the child’s risk of urinary tract and kidney infections. 

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Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR) in Children

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a condition where urine in the bladder flows in the wrong direction. It goes up into the tubes (ureters) that lead to the kidneys.

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Helping Hands Patient Education Materials

Written and illustrated by medical, nursing and allied health professionals at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Helping Hand instructions are intended as a supplement to verbal instructions provided by a medical professional. The information is periodically reviewed and revised to reflect our current practice. However, Nationwide Children's Hospital is not responsible for any consequences resulting from the use or misuse of the information in the Helping Hands.