Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that has formed in a large blood vessel. It may completely or partially block the blood flow in that vein.
There are several risk factors for DVT. These include:
- hereditary (genetic) factors
- certain illnesses
- estrogen containing birth control
- central line catheters
- congenital heart disease
Signs and symptoms
Early signs of blood clot in an arm or leg include these:
- feels warm
- red, pale or bluish skin color
Diagnosis and treatment
A DVT will be diagnosed by a physical examination, medical history and a Doppler sonogram (ultrasound).
In most cases a DVT will be treated with an anticoagulation medicine (blood thinner) such as Heparin, Lovenox or Warfarin.
Your child will follow up with a Hematologist (doctor who specializes in blood health).
Precautions for children on anticoagulation therapy
- Your child should not play contact sports while on blood-thinning medicine.
- Your child will need to avoid aspirin products and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines such as Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) and Naproxen (Aleve).
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