Bursitis is swelling or irritation of a bursa.
What is Bursitis?
- A bursa is a fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between tendons, ligaments, bones, and skin. Bursae help to decrease friction between these structures.
- Bursitis is swelling or irritation of a bursa.
- Bursitis most often happens in the shoulders, knees, elbows, and hips.
What Causes Bursitis?
- A bursa can become swollen or irritated when muscles or tendons become tight and increase the pressure over the bursa.
- Falling directly on the location of a bursa can also cause a bursa to become irritated.
- Sometimes, infections can cause bursitis.
- Doing the same motion over and over again (like throwing) can cause bursitis.
What Are The Symptoms?
- Pain with movement or activity over the affected site.
- Localized swelling.
- Warm or hot skin over the affected area.
- Redness around the affected area (this should be evaluated by a medical professional immediately).
What Can I Do to Feel Better?
- Rest. Do not do things that cause pain.
- Ice for 15-20 minutes at a time will help decrease swelling and pain.
- Compression can be helpful to decrease swelling and pain.
When Should I See a Medical Professional?
- Redness or red streaks around the affected area should be evaluated immediately.
- If a fever develops or the condition worsens.
- If rest, ice, and compression are not improving the condition.
- If you are uncertain about the severity of the condition.