Osteochrondritis Dissecans :: Nationwide Children's Hospital

Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD)

What is OCD?

  • A condition in which a piece of cartilage and the underlying bone separate.
  • This separation occurs on the inside (deep) surface of a joint.
  • The most commonly affected joint is the knee, but other joints can be affected.

What causes OCD?

  • A specific, traumatic event.
  • May develop over time or by overuse.

What are the symptoms?

  • Initially, generalized pain and/or swelling in the joint.
  • As it progresses, pain can become constant with any weight bearing activity.
  • May produce times of locking and/or giving out at the affected joint.

What can I do to feel better?

  • Rest. Do not do things that cause pain.
  • Ice for 15-20 minutes at a time will help decrease swelling and pain.

When should I see a medical professional?

  • If rest and ice are not improving the condition.
  • Suffering from increased pain with activity.
  • OCD injuries require a period of rest, followed by rehabilitation.  Sometimes, these injuries can require surgery.  If you suspect your child may have an OCD injury, contact your primary care provider or sports medicine specialist.
  • If you are uncertain or have any suspicion about the severity of the condition.

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Free Parent's Guide to Knee Injuries

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