Cleft Palate Repair: Instructions after Surgery :: Nationwide Children's Hospital

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Cleft Palate Repair: Instructions after Surgery

Your child's cleft palate (Picture1) has been repaired, and the opening in the roof of the mouth has been closed (Picture 2). There are a few things to know about your child's care at home. Other than these special instructions, your child should be cared for in the same way as any child his or her age.

Protecting the Repair

The roof of your child’s mouth (the palate) is still healing and should be protected from injury for about 3 weeks after surgery. There may be no feeling in this area for a while after the surgery. This means that your child can injure the roof of the mouth without you or your child knowing it.

 

 

 

 

Listed below are objects that could hurt your child's mouth. Hard objects should be put away or kept out of your child’s reach while the palate is healing.

  • Small wooden, metal, or plastic toys
  • Toys with small parts
  • Toothbrushes
  • Knives, forks and spoons
  • Popsicles and their sticks
  • Drinking straws
  • Suckers and lollipops
  • Thermometers

Please discuss with your surgeon the use of a pacifier after surgery.

Mouth Care

  • To clean your child's teeth and gums, use a gauze pad dipped in plain water or a small amount of mouthwash mixed with water. Wipe the front of teeth only.
  • Do not use a toothbrush in your child’s mouth for 3 weeks.
  • Have your child drink water after eating to keep the mouth clean.

Drinking and Eating

During this time, it is most important to make sure that your child is drinking enough liquids to stay hydrated. You will know if your child gets enough fluids if he or she has the same number of wet diapers after surgery as before. Your child should have a wet diaper at least every 8 hours. If there are fewer wet diapers, call the Cleft Lip and Palate Center helpline. This may be a sign of dehydration.

For a short while after surgery, your child may not eat as well as before surgery. See page 6, the last page of this Helping Hand, for a list of foods allowed after surgery.

  • Give soft, pureed, or mashed foods that have the texture of pudding for 3 weeks. The food is like stage 1 or 2 baby foods.
  • Do not give foods that have chunks, lumps or pieces, such as seeds, grains, pulp, or skin
  • Do not give hard, crunchy foods such as cold cereal, cookies, crackers or chips.
  • Use only a spoon for feeding.
  • Do not let your child feed himself.
  • Make sure that the food is not too hot.
  • Your child may drink from a bottle or sippy cup with a soft spout, right after surgery.
  • You may continue to feed your child with the same bottle system used before surgery. For more information on the types of bottles to use, see Helping Hand HH-I-21, Cleft Palate: Feeding Your Baby.

Arm Splints

Your child will need to wear arm splints for three weeks. These splints keep your child from putting his fingers in his mouth and accidentally damaging the repair. Before your child leaves the hospital, be sure a nurse shows you know how to put the splints on properly. To find out more, refer to Helping Hand HH-II-16, Arm Restraints.

Activity or Play

  • Your child may play as usual but needs to be watched more carefully during the first few weeks after surgery.
  • Do not let other children give your child things to play with or to eat without your approval.
  • Soft toys are best for the child to play with while the palate is healing.


Pain and Medicines

It is important for your child to take medicines as directed by his doctor. Your child will be sent home with an antibiotic. The antibiotic needs to be taken until all of it is gone.
Some pain is normal after palate repair. For pain, your child will start with a prescription medicine called Lortab. As your child’s pain improves, he may start taking over-the-counter pain medicines such as Tylenol (acetaminophen), or Motrinor Advil (ibuprofen) instead of Lortab. After a few days, only over-the-counter pain medicine will be needed.

Pain Medicines

 

Things to know about Lortab and its side effects:

  • Contains both the narcotic hydrocodone and Tylenol
  • Can be taken every 6 hours
  • Has a side effect of constipation. If your child becomes constipated this may add to your child’s pain and make it difficult to tell why your child is uncomfortable.
  • Should NOT be taken within 6 hours of any other medicine that contains Tylenol (Triaminic?, certain cold and cough medicines)
  • As soon as possible, switch from using Lortab to Tylenol alone.

Over-the-counter pain medicines:

  • Motrin or Advil (ibuprofen) and Tylenol (acetaminophen) can be used.
  • Can give one dose of one kind of medicine every 6 hours. Two kinds of pain medicine cannot be given at the same time. (Picture 3)
  • If using both Motrin and Tylenol, the dose of each type of medicine must be alternated. Give one kind of medicine first; then 3 hours later, give the second kind of medicine. For example, start with one dose of Motrin at 9:00 AM; 3 hours later at noon, give the dose of Tylenol. At 3:00 PM, give Motrin again. At 6:00 PM, give Tylenol. (Picture 3).
  • Tylenol should NOT be taken within 6 hours of any other medicine that contains Tylenol (Lortab, Triaminic, cough and cold medicines).
  • Use a pediatric measuring device (available at the pharmacy) to measure the exact dose. Do not measure liquid medicines in kitchen spoons.

 

What to Expect After Surgery

For the first few days after surgery, you may see the following things.

  • There may be a small amount of blood in the mucous or saliva (spit) for several days. The mucous or saliva may appear pink.
  • More clear drainage than usual may come from the nose (snot) for several weeks. This is because the opening between the nose and mouth is now closed. Before surgery, mucous drained directly into the mouth.
  • Your child may snore and sound congested for several weeks. This will go away when the swelling goes down and there is less drainage.
  • It may be harder for your child to sleep as well as before surgery. Sleep habits should return to normal after several weeks.

More Tips

  • Dress your child in shirts that either button down or can be zipped. That way, you will not need to lift the shirt over the head and face.
  • Long-sleeve shirts should be worn under the arm splints. The sleeves will help the splints to stay in place and prevent skin irritation.
 

When to Call the Doctor

Call your child’s doctor or the Cleft Lip and Palate Center’s helpline if your child has:
  • Fever over 101?F when taken rectally, axillary (under the arm) or in the ear.
  • Pain that does not go away when you give pain medicine
  • Any injury to the incision or any bleeding in the mouth
  • Trouble drinking or eating
  • A dry diaper for 8 hours or more
  • Taken too much medicine or the wrong medicine. First call the Central Ohio Poison Center at (800) 222-1222, ITTY (866) 688-0088. They will tell you what to do.
 

The Cleft Lip and Palate Center helpline:

During regular business hours 8am to 5pm, Monday to Friday, call (614)722-6299.
After hours, on weekends, or holidays, call (614)722-2000. Ask to speak with the plastic surgeon on call.
   

Follow-up Appointments

For follow-up appointments at the Cleft Lip and Palate Center, call (614) 722-6537.
 
 

Feeding Guidelines after Palate Surgery


All foods should be pureed or mashed and have the consistency of pudding
 
Food Groups

Foods Allowed

(pureed or fork-mashed)

Foods to Avoid
Meats and Other Protein

Meats

Lentils or beans

Cottage cheese

Soft cheeses

Yogurt

Eggs, very well scrambled

Hummus

Hard cheeses of any kind

Bacon

Breads Soft bread, softened in milk or water

Hard or crunchy breads

Breads with nuts or seeds

Cereals

Cream of wheat

Farina

Oatmeal

Grits

Hard or crunchy cereals

"Cold" cereals

Nuts or seeds

Fruits

Canned or well-cooked fruit

Fresh bananas

Apple sauce

Stage 1 or 2 baby fruits

Hard or crunchy fruit

Fruits with seeds and skin (berries, kiwis, grapes)

Vegetables

Canned or well cooked vegetables

Stage 1 or 2 baby vegetables

Hard or crunchy vegetables

Vegetables with seeds or pulp (tomatoes, green beans, etc.)

Potatoes and Starches

Potatoes with no lumps or skins

Well-cooked noodles (pasta, mac & cheese)

Hard or crunchy toppings on potatoes or noodles

Sauce with chunks

Rice, whole grains such as barley, quinoa, kasha

Desserts

Pudding

Jell-O

Ice cream or frozen yogurt

Milk Shakes

Any of the listed desserts with pieces of fruit, nuts, seeds or hard toppings

Popsicle sticks

Beverages

Formula or Milk

Water

Juice

Pulp

Chunks

Lumps

Utensils

Sippy cups with short, soft spouts

Bottles with a soft nipple

Spoons may only be put at the lips

Straws

Sippy cups with long, hard, spouts

Spoon or fork put in mouth