Nathalie L. Maitre, MD, PhD :: Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio

Nathalie L. Maitre, MD, PhD

Nathalie L. Maitre, MD, PhD

Center for Perinatal Research
Principal Investigator

Maitre Lab
Principal Investigator

Physician Team

Neonatology Fellowship

NICU Developmental Therapies
Medical Director

NICU Follow-up Programs
Medical Director

Contact Information

700 Children's Dr
Columbus, OH 43205 [ map ]
PH: (614) 722-4559
FX: (614) 722-4541


Nathalie Maitre, MD, PhD is a neonatologist and developmental specialist who is the Director of the NICU Follow-up Program and NICU Music Therapy Program at Nationwide Children’s Hospital. She works with a diverse team of scientists, engineers and therapists who all believe strongly in the need to identify children at high-risk for disabilities as early as possible, in order to optimize recovery after brain insults of the neonatal period.

Her research emphasizes the development of objective and quantitative measures of neural function in infants and children to allow the rational design and testing of neuroprotective/habilitative strategies. She has developed novel techniques to measure cortical processing of speech sound differentiation and tactile modalities in NICU patients and designed parental-speech based interventions to improve their outcomes. She is particularly interested in the sensory system of infants and children and how it can be harnessed to design new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. She has two current NIH-funded projects in this area: the first studies brain processing of auditory, tactile and multisensory stimuli in term and preterm infants to identify the neural basis of behavioral and adaptive outcomes in the first two years. The second is a large randomized controlled trial of a new parent-administered sensori-motor training to improve the arm and hand function of infants diagnosed with asymmetric cerebral palsy.

APPLES Research Study


View CV »


  • Female

Languages Spoken:

  • English

Research Interests

Research Center:

Areas of Interest:

  • Funding

Research Funding*:

  • Early Childhood Constraint Therapy for Sensory/Motor Impairment in Cerebral Palsy
    Role: PI
  • Multimodal Evaluation of Sensory Processing and Neurodevelopment in NICU Infants
    Role: PI

Education and Training

Medical School

  • Medical University of South Carolina
    Date Completed: 05/17/2002


  • Duke University Medical Center - Durham
    Date Completed: 08/31/2005


  • University of North Carolina Hospitals
    Date Completed: 08/31/2008


  • Pediatrics


  • Neonatology


  • Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine
  • Pediatrics

Date of Appointment at Nationwide Children’s Hospital:

  • 07/01/2015


  • Chorna, O, Hamm, E, Cummings, C, Fetters, A, Maitre, NL. 2016. Speech and language interventions for infants aged 0 to 2 years at high risk for cerebral palsy: a systematic review.  Dev Med Child Neurol. Vol. 10, no. November: e13342.
  • Janvier, A, Lantos, J, Aschner, J, Barrington, K, Batton, B, Batton, D, Berg, SF, Carter, B, Campbell, D, Cohn, F, Lyerly, AD, Ellsbury, D, Fanaroff, A, Fanaroff, J Fanaroff, K, Gravel, S, Haward, M, Kutzsche, S, Marlow, N Montello, M, Maitre, N, Morris, JT, Paulsen, OG, Prentice, T, Spitzer, AR. 2016. Stronger and more vulnerable: A balanced view of the impacts of the NICU experience on parents.  Pediatrics. Vol. 138, no. September: ee20160655.
  • Chorna, O, Baldwin, HS, Neumaier, J, Gogliotti, S, Powers, D, Mouvery, A, Bichell, D, Maitre, NL. 2016. Feasibility of a team approach to complex congenital heart defect neurodevelopmental follow-up: Early experience of a combined cardiology/neonatal intensive care unit follow-up program.  Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. Vol. 9, no. 4. (July): 432-40.
  • Maitre, NL, Williams, JV. 2016. Human metapneumovirus in the preterm neonate: current perspectives.  Res Rep Neonatol. Vol. 6, no. July: 41-49.
  • Chorna, O, Heathcock, J, Key, A, Nortiz, G, Carey, H, Hamm, E, Nelin, MA, Murray, M, Needham, A, Slaughter, JC, Maitre, NL. 2015. Early childhood constraint therapy for sensory/monitor impairment in cerebral palsy: a randomized clinical trial protocol.  BMJ Open. Vol. 7, no. 5. (December): ee010212.
  • Aschner, JL, Anderson, A, Slaughter, JC, Aschner, M, Steele, S, Beller, A, Mouvery, A, Furlong, HM, Maitre, NL. 2015. Neuroimaging identifies increased manganese deposition in infants receiving pareteral nutrition.  Am J Clin Nutr. Vol. 102, no. 6. (December): 1482-9.
  • Maitre, NL. 2015. Neurorehabilitation after neonatal intensive care: evidence and challenges.  Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. Vol. 100, no. 6. (November): F534-40.
  • Hamm, EL, Chorna, OD, Stark, AR, Maitre, NL. 2015. Feeding outcomes and parent perceptions after the pacifier-activated music player with mother's voice trial.  Acta Paediatr. Vol. 104, no. 8. (August): e372-4.
  • Jering, K, Aschner, M, Beller, A, Hamm, EL, Langdon, M, Maitre, NL. 2015. Parenteral nutrition as an unexpected and preventable source of mercury exposure in preterm infants.  J Pediatr. Vol. 166, no. 6. (June): 1533-5.
  • Pryhuber, GS, Maitre, NL, Ballard, RA, Cifelli, D, Davis, SD, Ellenberg, JH, Greenberg, JM, Kemp, J, Mariani, TJ, Panitch, H, Ren, C, Shaw, P, Taussig, LM, Hamvas, A. 2015. Prematurity and respiratory outcomes program (PROP): study protocol of a prospective multicenter study of respiratory outcomes of preterm infants in the United States.  BMC Pediatr. Vol. 10, no. April: e37.
  • Maitre, NL, Chan, J, Stark, Ar, Lambert WE, Aschner, JL, Key, AP. 2015. Effects of caffeine treatment for apnea of prematurity on cortical speech-sound differentiation in preterm infants.  J Child Neurol. Vol. 30, no. 3. (March): 307-13.
  • Duggan, EM, Maitre, N, Zhai, A, Krishnamoorthi, H, Voskresensky, I, Hardison D, Tice, J, Pietsch, JB, Lovvorn, HN 3rd. 2015. Neonatal carotid repair at ECMO decannulation: patency rates and early neurologic outcomes.  J Pediatr Surg. Vol. 50, no. 1. (January): 64-8.
  • Chorna, O, Solomon, JE, Slaughter, JC, Stark, AR, Maitre, NL. 2014. Abnormal sensory reactivity in preterm infants during the first year correlates with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years of age.  Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal. Vol. 99, no. 6. (November): F475-9.
  • Maitre, ML, Slaughter, JC, Aschner, JL, Key, AP. 2014. Hemisphere differences in speech-sound event-related potentials in intensive care neonates: associations and predictive value for development in infancy.  J Child Neurol. Vol. 29, no. July: 903-11.
  • Maitre, NL, Henderson, G, Gogliotti, S, Pearson, J, Simmons, A, Wang, L, Slaughter, JC, Key, AP. 2014. Feasibility of event-related potential methodology to evaluate changes in cortical processing after rehabilitation in children with cerebral palsy: a pilot study.  J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. Vol. 36, no. 7. (March): 669-79.
  • Maitre, NL, Slaughter, JC, Stark, AR, Aschner, JL, Anderson, AW. 2014. Validation of a brain MRI relaxometry protocol to measure effects of preterm birth at a flexible postnatal age.  BMC Pediatr. Vol. 14, no. March: e84.
  • Chorna, OD, Slaughter, JC, Wang, L, Stark, AR, Maitre, NL. 2014. A pacifier-activated music player with mother's voice improves oral feeding in preterm infants.  Pediatrics. Vol. 133, no. March: 462-8.
  • Maitre, NL, Key, AP. 2014. Quantitative assessment of cortical auditory-tactile processing in children with disabilities.  J Vis. Vol. 29, no. January: ee51054.
  • Maitre, NL, Slaughter, JC, Aschner, JL. 2013. Early predicion of cerebral palsy after neonatal intensive care using motor development trajectories in infancy.  Early Hum Dev. Vol. 89, no. October: 781-6.
  • Maitre, NL, Lambert, WE, Aschner, JL, Key, AP. 2013. Cortical speech sound differentiation in the neonatal intensive care unit predicts cognitive and language development in the first 2 years of life.  Dev Med Child Neurol. Vol. 55, no. September: 834-9.
  • Maitre, NL, Aschner, JL, Aschner, M. 2013. Manganese neurotoxicity may underlie the association between early life iron deficiency and impaired spatial cognition in neonatal piglets.  J Nutr. Vol. 143, no. April: e548.
  • Maitre, NL, Barnett, ZP, Key, AP. 2012. Novel assessment of cortical response to somatosensory stimuli in children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy.  J Child Neurol. Vol. 27, no. October: 1276-83.
  • Key, AP, Lambert, EW, Aschner, JL, Maitre, NL. 2012. Influence of gestational age and postnatal age on speech sound processing in NICU infants.  Psychophysiology. Vol. 49, no. May: 720-31.
  • Maitre, NL, Stark, AR. 2012. Neuroprotection for premature infants?: another perspective on caffeine.  JAMA. Vol. 307, no. January: 304-5.
  • Maitre, NL, Marshall, DD, Price, WA, Slaughter, JC, O'Shea, TM, Maxfield, C, Goldstein, RF. 2009. Neurodevelopmental outcome of infants with unilateral or bilateral periventricular hemorrhagic infaration.  Pediatrics. Vol. 124, no. December: 1152-60.
  • Maitre, NL, Williams, JV. Human metapneumovirus in the preterm neonate: current perspectives.  Res Rep Neonatal.
  • Maitre, NL, Chorna, O, Romeo, DM, Guzzetta, A. Implementation of the Hammersmith infant neurological examination in a high-risk infant follow-up program.  Pediatr Neurol.
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