Medical Professional Publications

Innovation and Discovery

(From the March 2018 Issue of MedStat)

Pediatricians May Be in a Strong Position to Detect Early Warning Signs of Self-harming Behavior

Many adolescents report they’re more comfortable discussing risk-taking activities — including disclosing suicidal ideation — with primary-care doctors than with specialists. Suicide is the second leading cause of death among people ages 10 to 24 and 13th among children 12 and younger. To help providers probe for warning signs of suicidal and self-harming behavior, the Department of Biobehavioral Health at Nationwide Children’s recommends proven screening tools and question-asking techniques, risk factors to consider and resources for developing safety plans.

For details, read this Pediatrics Nationwide article.

Reasons Appalachian Hospitals Are Not Prioritizing Drug Abuse in Community Programs, and Suggested Remedies

Lack of resources, risk aversion, concern that needs exceed hospital expertise and stigma related to substance abuse appear to be impediments keeping hospitals sitting in the hotbed of the opioid crisis from taking on the issue with community programs. The study, published in the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, suggests remedies to encourage the institutions to make this problem a priority. Kelly Kelleher, MD, director of the Center for Innovation in Pediatric Practice at The Research Institute is the senior author of the study.

Read more in this Research Now article.

Teams Take a Step Toward Developing Therapies for Hard-to-Treat Ear Infections

Extracellular DNA and Type IV pilus expression appear to regulate biochemical reactions and the construction of fractal structures within biofilms of nontypeable Haemophilus influenza, a common cause of middle ear infection. The labs of Jayajit Das, PhD, a principal investigator in the Battelle Center for Mathematical Medicine and Lauren Bakaletz, PhD, director of the Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, developed a model that indicates how the structure helps the microbes survive, which may also provide targets for treatment. The researchers say the study, published in MBio, is an important step toward developing therapies.

Learn more in this Research Now article.

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