At Nationwide Children's, we are committed to caring for your child, from diagnosis to treatment. Learn more about some of the behavioral health conditions our experts see everyday.
Addiction refers to a wide range of compulsive behaviors. Traditionally, addiction refers to the excessive use of substances, including alcohol, drugs, cigarettes and food. Addiction has a wider meaning for children and teens, including attachment to things like the Internet and video games.
An adjustment disorder is an unhealthy emotional or behavioral reaction to a stressful event or change in a person’s life.
Anorexia nervosa, also known as just anorexia, is an eating disorder. This disorder makes you obsess about your weight and food.
Anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental health disorder in children. There are many types of anxiety disorders (each with its own distinct symptoms) including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and others.
Asperger’s Syndrome, a form of Autism Spectrum Disorder, is a developmental disorder. Young people with Asperger’s Syndrome have a difficult time relating to others socially and their behavior and thinking patterns can be rigid and repetitive.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral disorder. It affects about ten percent of school-age children.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that impacts a child’s ability to communicate and interact socially. It also impacts the way the child thinks and behaves.
Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depression, is a chronic mental illness that causes extreme mood swings from high to low and vice versa.
Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder. It’s also called bulimia. A child with bulimia overeats or binges uncontrollably.
A child with a communication disorder has trouble communicating with others. He or she may not understand or make the sounds of speech and may struggle with word choice, word order or sentence structure.
Conduct disorder refers to a group of behavioral and emotional problems characterized by a disregard for others. Children with conduct disorder have a difficult time following rules and behaving in a socially acceptable way.
Delirium is a serious disturbance in mental abilities. It involves changes in behavior, confused thinking, and reduced awareness of a person's surroundings. It is a serious complication of medical illness.
Learn more about developmental disorders that could be affecting your child.
Children with disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) show ongoing patterns of uncooperative and defiant behavior. The most common types of these disorders include disruptive behavior disorder not otherwise specified (DBD NOS), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD).
Persistent depressive disorder is a type of depression. Depression involves a child’s body, mood, and thoughts.
Generalized anxiety disorder is a mental health problem. A child with GAD has a lot of worry and fear that seems to have no real cause.
A learning disorder is when a child has trouble learning in certain school subjects.
Major depression is a type of mood disorder. It’s also known as clinical depression or unipolar depression.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a type of anxiety disorder. A child with OCD has obsessive thoughts that are not wanted.
Children with ODD are uncooperative, defiant, and hostile toward peers, parents, teachers, and other authority figures.
A phobia is an excessive fear of an object or situation. It’s a fear that lasts for at least 6 months.
Physical abuse is any act that results in physical injury to a child or adolescent, even if the injury was unintentional.
A child with PTSD has persistent, scary thoughts and memories of a past event. He or she finds the event terrifying, either physically or emotionally.
Psychosis is an extreme mental state. Children with the disorder show impaired thinking and emotions that cause them to lose contact with reality.
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness. It is a long-lasting and disabling problem of the brain. A child with this disorder has unusual behavior and strange feelings.
Suicide in children and adolescents is a major public health issue. Nationally, suicide is the second leading cause of death for 10- to 19-year-olds.
Separation anxiety is usually at its peak between 10 and 18 months. It typically ends by the time a child is 3 years old.
Learn about the different mental health problems affecting adolescents that require the clinical care of a physician or other healthcare professional.
The following answers to questions parents often ask can help you protect your child's mental health.
A comprehensive psychiatric evaluation may help diagnose any number of emotional, behavioral, or developmental disorders.
Parents are often the first to suspect that their child or teen is challenged by feelings, behaviors, or environmental conditions that cause him or her to act disruptive, rebellious, or sad.
Mental health disorders are complex and require clinical care by a multidisciplinary treatment team.