Conditions Library

At Nationwide Children's, we are committed to caring for your child, from diagnosis to treatment. Learn more about some of the behavioral health conditions our experts see everyday.

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Addiction

Addiction refers to a wide range of compulsive behaviors.

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Adjustment Disorders

An adjustment disorder is an unhealthy emotional or behavioral reaction to a stressful event or change in a person’s life.

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Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia nervosa, also known as just anorexia, is an eating disorder. This disorder makes you obsess about your weight and food.

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Anxiety

Anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental health disorder in childhood.

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Asperger's Syndrome

Asperger’s Syndrome, a form of Autism Spectrum Disorder, is a developmental disorder. Young people with Asperger’s Syndrome have a difficult time relating to others socially and their behavior and thinking patterns can be rigid and repetitive.

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral disorder. It affects about ten percent of school-age children.

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Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that impacts a child’s ability to communicate and interact socially. It also impacts the way the child thinks and behaves.

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Behavior Disorders

Learn more about conditions associated with behavior disorders.

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Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depression, is a chronic mental illness that causes extreme mood swings from high to low and vice versa.

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Bulimia Nervosa

Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder. It’s also called bulimia. A child with bulimia overeats or binges uncontrollably.

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Communication Disorders

A child with a communication disorder has trouble communicating with others. He or she may not understand or make the sounds of speech and may struggle with word choice, word order or sentence structure.

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Conduct Disorders

Conduct disorder refers to a group of behavioral and emotional problems characterized by a disregard for others. Children with conduct disorder have a difficult time following rules and behaving in a socially acceptable way. 

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Delirium

Delirium is a serious disturbance in mental abilities. It involves changes in behavior, confused thinking, and reduced awareness of a person's surroundings. It is a serious complication of medical illness.

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Depression

Learn more about the signs of depression and what you can do to help your child.

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Developmental Disorders

Learn more about developmental disorders that could be affecting your child.

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Disruptive Behavior Disorders

Disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) can seriously impact a child’s daily life. Children with disruptive behavior disorders show ongoing patterns of uncooperative and defiant behavior.

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Dysthymia

Persistent depressive disorder is a type of depression. Depression involves a child’s body, mood, and thoughts.

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Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder is a mental health problem. A child with GAD has a lot of worry and fear that seems to have no real cause.

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Learning Disorders

A learning disorder is when a child has trouble learning in certain school subjects.

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Major Depression in Teens

Major depression is a type of mood disorder. It’s also known as clinical depression or unipolar depression.

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Mood Disorders

Learn more about common mood disorders among children.

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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a type of anxiety disorder. A child with OCD has obsessive thoughts that are not wanted.

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Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Children with ODD are uncooperative, defiant, and hostile toward peers, parents, teachers, and other authority figures.

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Phobias

A phobia is an excessive fear of an object or situation. It’s a fear that lasts for at least 6 months.

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Physical Abuse/Trauma

Physical abuse is any act that results in physical injury to a child or adolescent, even if the injury was unintentional.

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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

A child with PTSD has persistent, scary thoughts and memories of a past event. He or she finds the event terrifying, either physically or emotionally.

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Psychosis

Psychosis is an extreme mental state. Children with the disorder show impaired thinking and emotions that cause them to lose contact with reality.

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Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness. It is a long-lasting and disabling problem of the brain. A child with this disorder has unusual behavior and strange feelings.

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Suicidal Behaviors

Suicide in children and adolescents is a major public health issue. Nationally, suicide is the second leading cause of death for 10- to 19-year-olds.

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Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is usually at its peak between 10 and 18 months. It typically ends by the time a child is 3 years old.

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Tourette Disorder

Tourette disorder is a neurological disorder. It is also called Tourette syndrome. The disorder causes repeated tics.

Additional Resources

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Adolescent Mental Health

Learn about the different mental health problems affecting adolescents that require the clinical care of a physician or other healthcare professional.

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Answers to Questions About Your Child's Mental Health

The following answers to questions parents often ask can help you protect your child's mental health.

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Comprehensive Psychiatric Evaluation for Children

A comprehensive psychiatric evaluation may help diagnose any number of emotional, behavioral, or developmental disorders.

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Knowing When to Seek Treatment for Your Child

Parents are often the first to suspect that their child or teen is challenged by feelings, behaviors, or environmental conditions that cause him or her to act disruptive, rebellious, or sad.

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Psychiatric Treatment Team

Mental health disorders are complex and require clinical care by a multidisciplinary treatment team.

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Psychological Complications of Chronic Illness

Being a teen is stressful even for physically healthy teens. Chronic illness during adolescence can complicate development.