Innovation and Discovery

(From the August 2019 Issue of MedStat)

Study Finds No Correlation Between Brain Function and Head Impacts After Two Seasons of Youth Tackle Football

Researchers found minimal changes in neurocognitive outcomes in a prospective study of children playing organized tackle football. Data from sensors placed in helmets of players and pre- and post-season tests showed that neither the number nor intensity of sub-concussive impacts during practices and games correlated with outcomes from before the first season to after the second. Concerns, however remain, and the study continues. Learn more about the study at Pediatrics Nationwide.

When Should Fluoride Supplements be Prescribed to Prevent Tooth Decay?

The American Academy of Dentistry provides guidelines for fluoride supplementation for children ages 6 months to 16 years living in communities that lack fluoridated water. But, primary care providers face a number of hurdles to accurately determining the right dosage. Further, compliance, based on refills, is poor and the benefits of systemic ingestion are questionable. Janice Townsend, DDS, chief of Pediatric Dentistry at Nationwide Children’s suggests alternatives in a PediatricsOnline article. Read more about the use of fluoride supplements.

Swallowing Functions Remain Worse in Preterm Infants Even at Full-Term Equivalent Age

One of the biggest challenges preterm infants face is learning the coordination of the suck-swallow reflex that enables them to eat. Feeding experts expect these skills will be delayed in preterm infants and evolve as they mature. But in a comparison with full-term infants referred for swallowing evaluation at Nationwide Children’s, preterm infants had lower milk extraction rates and swallowing efficiency, despite postnatal maturation equivalent to full-term status. Visit PediatricsOnline to learn more about the challenges that preterm infants face.