700 Children's Blog

Bed Bugs 101

Jan 09, 2017

Yuck. This week four Ohio cities made a list no one wants to be on. "Don't Let the Bed Bugs Bite: Orkin Releases new Top 50 Cities List" compiled data based on metro areas where Orkin performed the most bed bug treatments from December 1, 2015 – November 30, 2016. This is how cities in Ohio ranked:

#5 Columbus

#8 Cincinnati

#13 Cleveland-Akron-Canton, Ohio

#32 Dayton

So what are they?

Bedbugs are tiny insects about one-quarter inch long. They like to hide in bedding, mattresses, walls and furniture during the day and come out at night. Like mosquitoes, bedbugs bite people and animals and survive on their blood. Unlike mosquitoes, bedbugs are not known to spread disease to people.

Bedbugs are cream-colored to brown, but they turn reddish-brown after they eat. People who are bitten by bedbugs may find itchy spots on their skin, which can lead to scratching. If the scratching breaks the skin, the sores can get infected. Some people may have a large skin reaction to the bites, while others in the same home may notice nothing at all.

Where are bedbugs found?

Bedbugs may be found in shelters, apartment buildings, motels and even the best hotels - anywhere large numbers of people move in and out. They can come into your home on luggage, purses, furniture, clothing, pillows, boxes and other objects. Bedbugs like small dark spaces, so during the day they hide in the seams of bedding and mattresses and in crevices in floors, furniture and paper clutter. Bedbugs are not a cleanliness issue—they can live in the cleanest of environments.

What signs and symptoms do they cause?

Bedbugs leave dark pink or red, itchy, sometimes swollen, bites on the skin. Bites can occur on any body area. Often the bites are clustered or in a straight row. Other signs include:

  • Tiny bloodstains on sheets and mattresses.
  • Dark marks where bedbugs have left droppings in places like bedding, floors, walls and furniture.
  • A strange, sweet odor when there are large numbers of bedbugs.
How to treat the itching and scratching
  • It may help to put socks on your child's hands to prevent scratching.
  • Keep your child's fingernails cut short to stop him from scratching open the skin. Placing socks over the child's hands may help to keep him from scratching.
  • Itching may continue for a while after the bedbugs are gone. If itching bothers your child, ask your doctor to prescribe a medicine to help stop itching.
When to Call the Doctor Call the doctor if your child has any of these signs:
  • An allergic reaction (trouble breathing, fast heartbeat, rash and/or swelling.
  • Infection at the itching site: redness that does not go away but gets worse; yellow drainage and increased pain around the bug bite.
  • Fever – temperature above 100° F under the arm.
Remember, if you discover bedbugs in your home, you’ll be in good company—after all Columbus is #5 on the bedbug list. If you find them, don’t panic. Simply call a bug-removing service, and touch base with your child’s doctor if you have additional concerns.

Featured Expert

Pediacast
Mike Patrick, MD
Emergency Medicine, Physician Team; Interactive Media, Medical Director; Host of PediaCast

Dr Mike Patrick is an Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at the Ohio State University College of Medicine and Medical Director of Interactive Media for Nationwide Children's Hospital. Since 2006, he has hosted the award-winning PediaCast, a pediatric podcast for parents. Millions of listeners in all 50 U.S. states and over 100 countries have tuned-in to this weekly podcast for pediatric news, answers to listener questions and interviews with pediatric and parenting experts. Dr Mike also produces a national podcast for healthcare providers—PediaCast CME, which explores general pediatric and faculty development topics and offers free AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™ to listeners. In addition to podcasting, Dr Mike serves as a Spokesperson for the American Academy of Pediatrics and with the Executive Committee of the AAP’s Council on Communications and Media. He frequently shares evidence-based recommendations with television, newspaper and radio audiences, including a weekly health segment on local CBS affiliate 10TV. He is a featured author of the 700 Children's Blog and has contributed to several print publications, including Parents Magazine and Working Mother Magazine. Dr Mike also developed and directs an academic healthcare communications and social media curriculum for residents and medical students at Ohio State. This elective experience equips learners with the practical skills needed to promote health literacy and child advocacy in the digital space. Prior to his involvement with communications and media, Dr Mike spent 10 years as a general pediatrician in an underserved area. He currently practices with the Section of Emergency Medicine at Nationwide Children's in Columbus.

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700 Children’s features the most current pediatric health care information and research from our pediatric experts – physicians and specialists who have seen it all. Many of them are parents and bring a special understanding to what our patients and families experience. If you have a child – or care for a child – 700 Children’s was created especially for you.