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Continuous Antibiotics Not Necessary for Many Children with Common Prenatal Abnormality, Study Shows
A study published in late July in the Journal of Pediatric Urology found that, in most cases, continuous antibiotics for children with a prenatal diagnosis of enlarged kidneys, or antenatal hydronephrosis, is often unnecessary. Daniel B. Herz, MD, is a urologist at Nationwide Children's and lead author of the recent paper.
Regional Anesthesia for Pediatric Knee Surgery Reduces Pain, Speeds Recovery
Research published in the June issue of the Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics suggests that a technique called femoral nerve block reduces pain after pediatric knee surgery, allowing most procedures to be outpatient. The study co-authors are Kevin E. Klingele, MD, chief of Orthopedics, and Tarun Bhalla, MD, director of Acute Pain and Regional Anesthesia at Nationwide Children’s Hospital.
Preeclampsia May Share Cause with Disorders Such as Alzheimer’s
Irina Buhimschi, MD, director of the Center for Perinatal Research in The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital, led a study on how preeclampsia, a deadly and poorly understood pregnancy-related condition, may share pathophysiologic characteristics with conditions such as Alzheimer’s. The study was published in Science Translational Medicine in July.
Immune Function Predicts Infection Risk Among Child Trauma Patients
Researchers studying critically ill children with traumatic injuries have identified an immune marker that predicts which patients are likely to develop a hospital-acquired infection. The study, led my Mark Hall, MD, principal investigator in the Center for Clinical and Translational Research and division chief of Critical Care Medicine at Nationwide Children’s Hospital, was published in June in the journal Shock.
Regulating the Fate of Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Attractive Candidates for Repairing and Engineering Blood Vessels to Treat Ischemic Diseases
Brenda Lilly, PhD, a principal investigator in the Center for Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Research in The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital, led a study on how mesenchymal stem cells can become smooth muscle cells, which can be used to repair or create new blood vessels for patients who have had a stroke or heart attack. This study was published online in Stem Cells and Development in June.