Medical Professional Publications

Spotlight: Neonatology

Columbus, OH - January 2016

The Section of Neonatology continued to grow in 2015, handling more than 2,900 discharges from our main campus NICU and those based in surrounding birthing hospitals. In addition, our clinics have increased to more than 4,800 visits, making us one of the largest neonatal networks in the U.S.

Nationwide Children’s Hospital welcomed Nathalie L. Maitre, MD, PhD, to the Neonatology faculty in 2015. A neonatologist and developmental specialist, Dr. Maitre is director of the NICU Follow-up Program and director of the Neonatal Music Therapy Program at Nationwide Children’s, as well as a principal investigator in the Center for Perinatal Research at The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s.

Dr. Maitre, who is also an associate professor of Pediatrics at The Ohio State University College of Medicine, works with a diverse team of scientists, engineers and therapists who are focused on early identification of children at high-risk for disabilities, in order to optimize recovery after brain insults of the neonatal period. Her research emphasizes the development of objective and quantitative measures of neural function in infants and children to allow the rational design and testing of neuroprotective/habilitative strategies.

Dr. Maitre has developed novel techniques to measure cortical processing of speech sound differentiation and tactile modalities in NICU patients and designed parental-speech based interventions to improve their outcomes. She is particularly interested in the sensory system of infants and children and how it can be harnessed to design new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, and has two current NIH-funded projects in this area.

Learn more about neurodevelopmental and rehabilitation research taking place in the Maitre Lab.

Current Research and Clinical Innovations

Conflicting Directions for BPD Treatment
Extreme variation among hospitals ordering BPD medications calls into question the appropriateness of their use and the reason for their prescription.
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Reducing Central Line Infections in Neonates
CLABSIs dropped nearly 90 percent with quality improvement initiative.
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Standardized SIMPLE Feeding Program© Reduces Length of Stay, Costs in NICU
New protocol helps infants achieve full feeds and discharge faster without adverse health effects.
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Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping May Benefit Some High-Risk Newborns
Studies show the practice can offer circulatory advantages for infants born extremely preterm or with critical congenital heart disease.
Read more >

Extremely Premature Babies Benefit from Proactive, Coordinated Care
Shared decision making between families and providers, other measures could improve outcomes.
Read more>

Viral Respiratory Tract Infections in the NICU
A new study supports the need for more respiratory viral testing of NICU infants with suspected sepsis.
Read more >

Potential Shift in Care for CMV-Infected Neonates
Oral doses of valganciclovir for six months improve long-term hearing and neurodevelopment, causing a shift in care for infants born with the disease.
Read more >


Read more research and clinical innovations from the Section of Neonatology and Center for Perinatal Research.

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Nationwide Children's Hospital
700 Children's Drive Columbus, Ohio 43205 614.722.2000