Medical Professional Publications

Research Rap

(From the July 2014 Issue of MedStat)

Breastfeeding Success Impacted by Diabetes Status of Mother
Women diagnosed with diabetes before or during pregnancy are less likely to initiate and continue breastfeeding their newborns than women without diabetes, a new study suggests. Led by clinician-scientists in The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital and collaborating institutions, the findings point to areas for improved prenatal and postnatal education of women with diabetes. The study, published in the May issue of the journal Public Health Nutrition, analyzed data from the 2009-2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), which is administered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Out of nearly 73,000 women included in the sample, 8.8 percent had diabetes during pregnancy, called gestational diabetes, and 1.7 percent had diabetes prior to pregnancy.

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Boosting Immune Process with IFN-γ Helps Clear Lethal Bacteria in Cystic Fibrosis
Boosting a key immune process called autophagy with interferon gamma (IFN-γ) could help clear a lethal bacterial infection in cystic fibrosis, a new study suggests. This work is led by Benjamin T. Kopp, MD, who is a senior author of the study. Dr. Kopp is a member of the Section of Pulmonary Medicine at Nationwide Children’s and a principal investigator for the Center for Microbial Pathogenesis. The study offers new information about immune function in patients with CF and was published in PLoS One in May.

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