(From the August 2013 Issue of MedStat)
An initiative that combines a multidisciplinary health care approach with a range of preventive measures could cut the rate of a common airway infection among children in intensive care by more than half, a new study suggests. The research, led by a team at Nationwide Children’s, appears in the June issue of the journal Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. Ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis —VAT for short — is a lower respiratory infection caused by a buildup of bacteria in the airway. Ordinarily, these small organisms are easily cleared, but being on a ventilator with an artificial airway in place disrupts the body’s natural defenses. This, along with other factors, increases the risk of VAT, says Jennifer Muszysnki, MD, lead study author and a critical care physician and principal investigator in the Center for Clinical and Translational Research in The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s.
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