Medical Professional Publications

Guidelines for Publication Authorship in Academic Research

(From the December 2014 Research Now)

Publication authorship is a critical element of the academic research environment, influencing hiring, promotion, career direction and the organizational reputation at Nationwide Children’s Hospital. At a recent center director meeting, the criteria for authorship were discussed, with the consensus that researchers should follow the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Ethical Considerations in the Conduct and Reporting of Research – Authorship and Contributorship.

This document details the core principles.

  • Authorship credit should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, oranalysis and interpretationof data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for importantintellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3.
  • An author must take responsibility for at least one component of the work, should be able to identify who is responsible for each other component, and should ideally be confident in their co-authors’ ability and integrity.
  • When a large, multicenter group has conducted thework, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibilityfor the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship/contributorship defined above.
  • Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervisionof the research group alone does not constitute authorship.
  • All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed.
  • Each author should have participated sufficientlyin the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

Please consider these guidelines when planning authorship and contributorship credit for publications based on academic research conducted at Nationwide Children’s.

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