Center for Injury Research and Policy Impact of Our Research :: Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio

Impact of Our Research

A world leader in pediatric injury research, the Center for Injury Research and Policy (CIRP) works to reduce death and disability due to injuries through research, education, advocacy and advances in clinical care. Effects of the research conducted at CIRP can be felt at local, national and global levels. From design changes in consumer products to new public policy, CIRP's influence is leading the way to a safer world.

Columbus Youth Helmet Ordinance

In order to promote safe bicycling among Columbus children, Columbus City Council voted unanimously in July 2008 to pass the Columbus Youth Bicycle Helmet Ordinance. The law requires that children 1 to 18 wear a helmet while riding bikes and scooters, or while using skateboards, in-line skates or roller-skates. The helmet must be certified by the Consumer Product Safety Commission, be fitted to the child’s head, and be buckled under the chin.   [more...]

For more information about the new law, as well as bicycle safety tips, please see the page and poster below.

Columbus Traffic Code
The new city law can be viewed at Chapter 2173.02 - Rules for bicycles, motorcycles, snowmobiles, and children's non-motorized vehicles.

Columbus Bicycle Safety Coalition*
The Center for Injury Research and Policy would like to thank the members of the Columbus Bicycle Safety Coalition for their support of the ordinance and for promoting safe bicycling for everyone.

* Links to other organizations found at this site are provided solely as a service to our users. These links do not constitute an endorsement of these organizations or their programs by the Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital.


Congressional Resolution on Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury

Every year, there are approximately 12,500 deaths, 80,000 hospitalizations and 643,000 emergency room visits related to pediatric traumatic brain injury (PTBI) for children and young adults ages 25 years and younger in the United States. Research from the Center for Injury Research and Policy related to the health care burden of PTBI was cited in the Congressional Resolution on Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury in October 2009.   [more...]

This resolution:

  1. Recognizes that Pediatric Acquired Brain Injury (PABI) is the leading cause of death and disability in the United States for children and young adults from birth up to 25 years of age,

  2. Endorses the National Pediatric Acquired Brain Injury Plan as the method to prevent future injuries and treat those currently suffering from a PABI, and

  3. Encourages all Federal, State and local governments to implement the PABI plan.

View the Bill


eBAY Policy Changes

The Center for Injury Research and Policy's examination of the eBay website revealed that during a one-month period, 190 eBay auctions contained or were suspected to contain a recalled childrens product or toy. Approximately 70% of these auctions resulted in a sale (Injury Prevention, August 2007).   [more...]

Following publication of this article, eBay announced it would send warning notices to people who post recalled items in an attempt to end the sale of these items. In addition, further violations of the recall policy could result in the seller losing the right to list products on eBay. The company is also providing shoppers with links to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission website so shoppers can check if a product has been recalled.

Learn More.


Government Accountability Office Report on Concussion in High School Athletes

Each year, over 7 million adolescents pursue their athletic dreams by participating in high school sports. Unfortunately, these athletes suffer an alarming 1.4 million painful injuries per year, many of which could be prevented. On May 20, 2010, the United States Government Accountability Office (GAO) presented a report on concussions in high school athletes to the House of Representatives, Committee on Education and Labor.   [more...]

 The report focuses on:

  1. What is known about the nationwide occurrence of concussion,
  2. Federal concussion prevention programs,
  3. The components of key state laws related to the management of concussion, and
  4. Voluntary nationwide concussion management guidelines.

Dr. Dawn Comstock provided information on concussion to the GAO during their drafting of the report. Dr. Comstock’s work on concussions was prominently featured in the report, and High School RIO™ was referenced as one of only three surveillance systems capturing any data on concussions and the only one capturing concussions in high school athletes from which national estimates can be calculated.

View the report


Healthcare Reform Campaign

Each day roughly 475 Americans die of injuries from motor vehicle crashes, assaults, fires and other trauma, making injury the third leading cause of death in the United States. This amounts to more than 170,000 deaths per year, more than twice as many as from diabetes and more than four times the number from breast cancer. The goal of the campaign was to communicate the enormous burden injuries pose to the health care system and the unique opportunity that health care reform provides to reduce costs and save lives.   [more...]

As a partner organization, the Center for Injury Research and Policy joined 17 other research centers, professional organizations and advocacy groups to urge Congress to include injury prevention in health care reform.

Healthcare Reform Ad

*This ad was created by the coalition of research universities, professional organizations and advocacy groups involved in the campaign and was enclosed in the "Health Care Hits the Roads" special section of the September 8, 2009 issue of Roll Call.


High School Football Game-Play Changes

In the summer of 2007, the National Federation of State High School Associations rules committee was considering moving the place of the kickoff for high school football. The proposed move would align the high school kickoff placement with that of the collegiate kickoff placement. It was thought that the move would result in fewer balls going into the end zone, which would result in more runbacks and thus a more exciting and higher scoring games.   [more...]

When making the decision, the rules committee examined the data from the 2006-2007 High School RIO™ Program to determine the implications this change would have on players. Upon review, the committee determined that moving back the kickoff placement would likely result in an increased risk of injury for high school football players. The committee ultimately decided against changing the rules as a result of having the data available to make an informed decision.

Learn more


Ohio All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) Safety

Each year there are more than 10,000 hospital visits for injuries related to All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) use in Ohio. In addition, Ohio ranks in the top one-third nationally in the number of deaths caused by ATVs. Sadly, children younger than 16 years of age account for roughly one-third of all ATV-related deaths and injuries.   [more...]

About the Report
In June 2006, the Center for Injury Research and Policy (CIRP) conducted a statewide telephone survey with 838 registered voters to assess Ohio voters' attitudes toward possible laws regarding ATV use and safety. Some highlights of the findings include the following:

  • Four out of five Ohio voters support restrictions on the use of ATVs by children younger than age 16 years of age

  • Voters believe that all ATV riders should be required to wear helmets at all times and that passengers should be prohibited unless the ATV is specifically designed by the manufacturer to carry more than one person

  • After learning about the dramatic increase in deaths caused by ATV use, approximately seven out of ten Ohio voters interviewed said they would support a state law regulating ATV use and safety

  • Even among ATV users, a strong majority (73 percent) support restrictions on the use of these vehicles

View our ATV Safety brochure


Ohio Booster Seat Law

Research shows that children who use booster seats are 59 percent less likely to be injured in a motor vehicle crash than those using seat belts alone. In support of a proposed booster seat law in Ohio, several faculty and staff members from the Center for Injury Research and Policy spoke at an Ohio Statehouse press conference in September 2007 as child passenger safety experts.   [more...]

Ohio Child Passenger Seat Law
To help prevent injuries in motor vehicle crashes, Ohio expanded its Child Passenger Safety Law to require that children be buckled in a car seat or booster seat until they are at least 8 years old or 4'9" tall. The law became effective in October 2009.

Parents and caregivers are required by Ohio law to obey the following safety practices:

  • Infants and young children must ride in a child safety seat until they are 4 years old and weigh at least 40 pounds.

  • Every child ages 4-8 who is no longer in a car seat must use a booster seat until she research 4'9" tall.

  • Children and teens ages 8-15 who are not in booster seats must use adult seat belts.

View more information about the Ohio Booster Seat Law.


Parents are the Key Campaign

Every year over 4,000 teens lose their lives in automobile accidents, making these fatal crashes the number one killer of teens. The Parents are the Key campaign was created by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to raise awareness about this issue and provide parents with information and tools they can use to increase the safety of their child behind the wheel.   [more...]

Members of the Center for Injury Research and Policy played an active role in the pre-testing and launch of this campaign and continue to advocate for safe teen driving practices.

How You Can Participate
A number of resources -- such as tips for parents, a list of the eight greatest danger zones, parent-teen driving contracts and social media tools to help spread the word about safe teen driving -- are available for parents, businesses and organizations committed to playing a key role in keeping teen drivers safe on the road.

To print or download available resources, or to learn more about the Parents are the Key campaign, please visit their website.

Parents are the Key

Parents are the Key Widget.
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Providing Data for Congressional Committee Hearings

In 2008, the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act was passed in recognition of the need to make children’s products safer. In February 2011, industry leaders argued that it was time to roll back the landmark safety protections for children’s products while injury prevention and child safety advocates called for increased enforcement of safety standards related to these products.   [more...]

A house committee hearing was scheduled with the Consumer Product Safety Commission for February 17th, 2011 to hear arguments from both sides. Upon learning about the hearing, the American Academy of Pediatrics decided to move up the release date for a study from the Center for Injury Research and Policy that had been scheduled for release on February 20th, 2011. Child safety advocates used data from the paper to present new evidence during the hearing that would support the need to keep the existing safety protections in place. The paper, which was published online in the journal Pediatrics, examined crib-, playpen- and bassinet-related injuries.


RIO™ Data Used in High School Field Hockey Policy Change

Each year in the U.S., over 64,000 student-athletes participate in high school field hockey, and these athletes are at risk of severe eye injury from contact with the stick and/or ball. While protective eyewear for field hockey players is readily available, its use has not been mandatory.   [more...]

However, after considering data from Dr. Dawn Comstock’s High School RIO™ surveillance system, the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) announced a new national safety policy on April 15, 2011. Beginning in the 2011-2012 school year, all high school students participating in field hockey in the U.S. will be required to use protective eyewear. This is a great example of how research can be translated into real world action to prevent injury.

Learn more


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