HIV/AIDS stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. It is an infectious disease caused by a virus. Over time the virus attacks and destroys the body’s immune system.
HIV/AIDS is NOT spread through the type of contact that occurs in childcare and school settings such as touching, hugging, playing, feeding or by contact with surfaces touched by infected people. It is not spread by saliva, tears, stool (bowel movements), urine or kissing.
A child with HIV/AIDS may have some of these signs:
There is no cure, but doctors can use several different drugs to treat HIV/AIDS.
Exclude a child from the group setting if:
A sick child should NOT attend childcare if:
Disclosure – Parents and guardians do not have to share information about the HIV status of their children. If parents or guardians do share the HIV status, this information is not to be shared with other staff or teachers without written permission from parents or guardians. Since HIV/AIDS does not have to be disclosed, or families may not even know that a family member is infected, standard safety measures should be followed when handling blood or blood-containing body fluids.
Risk factors – The child should be evaluated by his doctor and the childcare program director if he has one or more potential risk factors for spreading HIV/AIDS. A child may return to the group setting when his doctor says it is safe. Once he has returned, any skin lesions should be dry and covered. If the child has bleeding problems or weeping skin lesions that cannot be covered, he should be taken out of the group setting.
Biting – If a bite results in blood exposure to EITHER person involved, persons should follow up immediately with their healthcare provider.
HIV/Aids in Childcare (PDF)
HH-I-295 2/09 Copyright 2009, Nationwide Children’s Hospital