Contusions are one of the most common types of injuries occurring in active children. A contusion, or bruise, is caused by a direct blow to the body that can cause damage to the surface of the skin and to deeper tissues as well depending on the severity of the blow. Those suffering from a contusion may experience discoloration of the skin, swelling, tightness in the affected muscle or stiffness in the affect joint. Initial treatment for contusion should include rest, icing the affected area for 20 minutes, and applying a compression wrap to help minimize swelling. If there is an accompanying open wound, keep the area clean and bandaged. If you are uncertain about the severity of your condition or your condition does not improve with conservative treatment please contact your primary care provider or for more specialized care contact Children’s Sports Medicine.