At Nationwide Children's Hospital we understand that many of the medical terms used in your child's treatment will be words you will likely not be familiar with. To help, we've compiled a list of the most common terms having to do with our Intestinal Support Service.
Use the links below for definitions on each term.
Atresia: a part of the GI tract is absent or gone; this can occur anywhere along the GI tract
Broviac: a central line that is tunneled under the skin so that the exit site is away from where the catheter enters the blood vessel
Enteral: by the intestinal tract; enteral nutrition usually means formula given either by gastrostomy tube or jejunostomy tube
Gastroschisis: in utero there is an opening of the abdominal wall just next to the umbilicus; the intestine herniates through this opening. Download our patient handout.
Gastrostomy tube (G-tube): a feeding tube placed directly into the stomach
G-J tube: a gastrostomy tube with an extension that extends into the small intestine from the stomach; the tube has two openings so that the stomach and small intestine can each be accessed
Hirschsprung’s disease: a disease where the ganglion (nerve) cells are missing in the last part of the intestinal tract; it usually affects just the last part of the colon, but can extend higher up in the intestinal tract
Ileostomy: a part of the ileum (the lower part of the small intestine) is brought out as an opening on the abdominal wall
Jejunostomy: an opening on the abdominal wall into the jejunum (first part of the small intestine); it can be either for a feeding tube or an ostomy which drains the upper GI tract
Jejunostomy tube (J-tube): a feeding tube placed directly into the small intestine
Meconium ileus: an obstruction in the ileum (the lower part of the small intestine) caused by very thick meconium; meconium is the material that collects in the GI tract of the fetus; meconium ileus most commonly occurs in cystic fibrosis
Nasogastric tube (NG tube): a feeding tube that is passed through the nose and into the stomach
Nasojejunal tube (NJ tube): a feeding tube that is passed through the nose, past the stomach, and into the small intestine
Necrotizing enterocolitis: this most commonly occurs in premature newborn infants; there is severe inflammation of the intestine which can cause destruction of part of the intestine
Omphalocele: in utero, the abdominal wall does not close at the umbilicus and the intestine as well as sometimes the liver and spleen remain outside the abdomen in a sac
PICC line (peripherally inserted central catheter): a catheter inserted usually through a vessel in the arm or leg and extending so that the tip is in a large vessel near the heart or in the heart itself
Pseudo-obstruction: a severe motility problem of the intestinal tract which can be caused by either a problem with the nerves or muscle of the GI tract
Short bowel syndrome: loss of a significant portion of the intestine that causes marked absorption problems