Center for Injury Research and Policy Ohio Injuries: Fires :: Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio

Ohio Injuries: Fires

Almost 150 Ohioans die every year as a result of fire-related injuries, and approximately 92% of these deaths occur in the home. Non-fatal injuries due to fires have considerable long-term medical and economic consequences. Increased efforts to prevent fires and fire-related injuries are necessary to make Ohioans safer. The following data come from the Injury in Ohio report.*

Health Care Resource Utilization

  • From 2005 through 2007, injuries due to fires resulted in an annual average of:
    • 16,376 Emergency Department Visits
    • 1,666 EMS Runs
    • 963 Inpatient Hospitalizations
    • 146 Fatalities

  • The number of emergency department visits for fire-related injuries increased 13.5% from 2005 to 2007The three age groups accounting for the most emergency department visits for a  fire-related injury are:

  • 57.0% of EMS runs for fire-related injuries occurred among adults ages 25-64 years
  • The majority (73.9%) of fire-related injuries requiring an EMS run occurred in the home

Hospitalizations

  • Fire-related hospitalizations in 2005-2007 accounted for an annual average of:
    • $28.3 million in hospital charges
    • 6,049 days of hospitalization  
  • Mean length of stay was 6.3 days

  • Males experienced slightly higher mean hospital charges ($30,846) and mean length of stay (6.4 days) than females ($27,048 and 6.0 days, respectively)

  • The number of inpatient hospitalizations due to fires-related injuries increased 20.3% from 2005 to 2007
  • The three age groups accounting for the highest annual average percentage of inpatient hospitalizations due to fire-related injuries are as follows:

  • 92.6% of fire-related injuries requiring inpatient hospitalization were unintentional in nature
  • 85.4% of inpatients were discharged home following treatment

 Fatalities  

  • 56.5% of fire-related injury deaths were males
  • Adults ages 25-64 years accounted for 42.4% of deaths, followed by adults ages 65 years or older with 31.2%
  • Of those with a recorded location of injury, 91.7% of fire-related deaths occurred in the home

 

*Data for this report were obtained from the Ohio Department of Public Safety, the Ohio Hospital Association and the Ohio Department of Health. This research brief is part of a series reporting on leading causes of injury among selected age groups in Ohio.

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