Center for Injury Research and Policy Ohio Injuries: Falls :: Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio

Ohio Injuries: Falls

On average each year, more than 900 Ohioans die and almost 300,000 receive emergency treatment as the result of a fall. Increased efforts to prevent fall-related injuries are necessary as the number of these injuries continues to rise. The following data come from the Injury in Ohio report.*

Health Care Resource Utilization

  • From 2005 through 2007, injuries due to falls resulted in an annual average of:
    • 299,616 Emergency Department Visits
    • 83,261 EMS Runs
    • 31,395 Inpatient Hospitalizations
    • 928 Fatalities

  • The number of fall-related emergency department visits increased 22.6% from 2005 to 2007
  • The annual emergency department visit rate for falls increases dramatically after age 65, reaching 7,770 per 100,000 individuals by age 85 or older
  • Nearly 75% of EMS runs due to fall-related injuries included transport to a hospital emergency department
  • 51.1% of fall-related EMS runs occurred among adults ages 65 or older
  • 65.1% of falls requiring an EMS run occurred in the home

  • Females accounted for more EMS runs (58.6%), emergency department visits (55.7%) and inpatient hospitalizations (65.0%) related to falls than males

Hospitalizations

  • Fall-related hospitalizations in 2005-2007 accounted for an annual average of:
    • $622 million in hospital charges
    • 135,686 days of hospitalization  
  • Mean length of stay was 4.3 days

  • Mean hospital charges per patient for falls increased by 20.9% from 2005 to 2007

  • Inpatient hospitalizations due to falls increased 25.3% from 2005 to 2007
  • Slipping, tripping or stumbling on the same level accounted for 30.1% of fall-related hospitalizations with a recorded cause of injury
  • Adults ages 65 years or older accounted for 70.2% of fall-related inpatient hospitalizations, and adults ages 45-64 years accounted for another 17.3%
  • Falls, especially among older adults, can result in very serious injuries, as evidenced by 46.5% of inpatients with fall-related injuries being discharged into long-term care facilities

Fatalities

  • There were 472 deaths due to falls among males and 456 deaths among females annually
  • Adults ages 65 years or older accounted for 80.2% of fall-related deaths

  • The incidence of death due to falls increased 13.8% from 2005 to 2007

 

*Data for this report were obtained from the Ohio Department of Public Safety, the Ohio Hospital Association and the Ohio Department of Health. This research brief is part of a series reporting on leading causes of injury among selected age groups in Ohio.

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