Depo-Provera is the brand name for medroxyprogesterone acetate (meh DROX ee pro JES te rone), a medicine used for birth control. It is a hormone that prevents the ovary from releasing an egg. It changes the lining of the uterus so pregnancy is less likely to occur. It also makes the normal mucus that lines the cervix (the entrance to the womb) thicker so sperm cannot reach the egg. An injection (shot) of Depo-Provera is given every 3 months to prevent pregnancy.
Depo-Provera may be a good choice if you have trouble remembering to take a birth control pill every day. Depo-Provera will not protect you from getting a sexually transmitted infection (STI), so a condom should still be used every time you have sex.
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Before Depo-Provera can be given, there are a few things you must do:
Some people who use Depo-Provera for several months develop decreased bone density (hardness). This is most likely to occur in younger teens than older teens or adults. It is not known whether the bone hardness increases again when the medicine is stopped. It also is not known whether this increases your risk of breaking a bone, now or in the future.
Call the doctor, Close to Home Center or clinic if you have:
You need to be seen every 3 months (12 weeks) to receive your Depo-Provera shot.
If you have any questions, please ask your health care provider.
HH-IV-65 8/93 Revised 1/15 Copyright 1993, Nationwide Children’s Hospital